July 25, 2012 -- Honolulu, Hawaii PDF Version
College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources receives $6 million in USDA-NIFA funding
UH-Mānoa’s College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR) and its project partners were recently awarded a four-year $6 million competitive grant by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture to increase Hawai‘i’s energy security by creating locally produced renewable energy.
The project will seek to develop high-yielding biofuel feedstocks that are economically viable and sustainable; to establish advanced local biofuel production processes; and to guide development of an advanced biofuel supply chain. CTAHR faculty from the departments of Molecular Biosciences and Bioengineering, Tropical Plant and Soil Sciences, and Natural Resources and Environmental Management are partnering with researchers from Oregon State and Washington State University and with ZeaChem, Hawaiian Commercial and Sugar Company, and Hawai‘i BioEnergy LLC (www.hawaiibioenergy.com).
CTAHR’s Dr. Andrew Hashimoto, the principle investigator, expects this project to provide Hawai‘i and other tropical/subtropical regions with information vital to developing sustainable renewable energy. “This is a timely and essential issue,” he said. “Collaboration is key, as we all bring our diverse strengths to the table for this subject of importance to Hawai‘i, the nation, and the Asia-Pacific region.”
The project will examine the use of fast-growing tropical grasses such as banagrass, sweet sorghum, energycane (a relative of sugarcane), and Napiergrass–pearl millet crosses for biofuel production, including testing and modifying harvesting and storage techniques for the feedstock grasses and optimizing energy yields. It will also develop ways to assess the sustainability of renewable energy production in Hawai‘i, focusing on investigating the development of a rural-based decentralized pre-processing system.
Hawai‘i presently meets more than 90% of its energy requirements through the use of imported fossil fuels and, despite almost non-existent heating needs, has the nation’s highest energy costs. According to Hawaii Energy Statistics, between $3.4 and 5.4 billion was spent annually in the state for fossil fuel between 2005 and 2009. This high price burden is matched by the equally problematic lack of fuel security inherent in such overwhelming dependence upon outside sources.
Not only the state’s own energy needs are at stake: Because of Hawai‘i’s strategic military importance, the U.S. Navy has a vital interest in the development of biofuels that can be produced locally to meet its transportation needs. The Navy has unveiled its Great Green Fleet Initiative, which aims to use 50% renewable energy by 2020 for its ships and ground transport, thus creating a very important market for locally produced biofuels.
The primary contacts for each project partner are as follows:
Andrew Hashimoto, Ph.D., Professor
University of Hawai‘i-Mānoa College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources
Ganti Murthy, Ph.D., Assistant Professor
Oregon State University
Qin Zhang, Ph.D., Professor
Washington State University
Tim Eggeman, Ph.D., Chief Technology Officer & Founder
Lee Jakeway, M.S., Director of Energy Development
Hawaiian Commercial and Sugar Company
Joel Matsunaga, Chief Operating Officer & Executive Vice President
Hawai‘i BioEnergy LLC
The College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR), established in 1907 as the College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, is the founding college of the University of Hawai‘i. The college is an integral part of UH Mānoa’s Carnegie I Research Institution designation and is the Land-Grant college of the University of Hawai‘i system. CTAHR is federally mandated to fulfill the University's threefold Land-Grant mission of instruction, scientific research, and outreach to address State needs. No other college in the University of Hawai‘i has such an extensive mandate or interacts so closely with the citizens of the state. For more information, visit www.ctahr.hawaii.edu.
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